The first known anti-communist revolt in all Europe is that of Hungary in 1956 which echoed throughout the socialist camp. Unfortunately many students and citizens are not informed yet on the anti-communist movement in Albania which took place 10 years before the Hungarian protest, although not as large.
The resistance of Malesia e Madhe
The armed resistance in Kelmend and the resistance of Malesia e Madhe unlike the other revolts lasted for a very long time to be ignored. The leaders of the highlanders were the heroes Prek Cali and Llesh Marashi, two old patriots who fought against the Montenegrin invasions. The Resistance of Malesia e Madhe lasted one month and a half, from 3 January 1945 up to 16 February 1945, when the leader of the uprising, Preng Cali together with his comrades of Kelmend was surrounded and caught in the cave of Vukli. Bloody fights took place in the battle of Tamar, in January 1945, in Broj, Bajze, Shkrel, Koplik and other places.
In the end of the Uprising the local warriors entered in a vicious circle: they were not defeated from the front, but from behind, because the Army of the communist government, in accord with the Yugoslav government took advantage of the Montenegrin terrain to crush their own citizens.
The Uprising of Postriba
The Uprising of Postriba took place in 9 September 1946, ideated by Jup Kazazi and leaded by Osman Haxhia. Unlike the uprising of Kelmend this was a more strategic and visionary uprising because it had the premise to be expanded in all the country from North to South aided by an intervention from England and the USA. This was a modern and well studied uprising which could bring the end of the dictatorship.
The insurgents attacked Shkodra, to release the political prisoners, to take weapons from the army barracks and to include Shkodra and all northern Albania in a general revolt against the communist regime.
This revolt too was crushed by the military machine with dire consequences. Hundreds of citizens of Postriba and Shkodra were executed without trial, their homes were burned, thousands more were detained in the 26 prisons of Shkodra (even churches were turned into prisons), every two-three days military trials were held, every day their families were send in internment camps.
The rebellion of Zhapokikes
The rebellion of Zhapokika (Village in municipality of Terpan inf Berat) in 1948, even though it looked minor and smaller compared with those of Kelmend and Postriba, had a great importance, because it resulted in equally tragic consequences after the armed confrontation with the State Police, people were murdered and executed, trials were held and many were sentenced to death.
This rebellion consisted in an organized battalion of insurgents with an internal organized structure, which aimed the expansion in other regions in the South. The Rebellion of Zhakopika is another evidence that communism was opposed with armed confrontations, not only in the North but also in the South.
After the crushing of Zhapokike movement, the chapter of armed revolts against the communist regime in Albania was closed and the long period of submission, persecution, impoverishment and extreme isolation of the people of our country began.